Jumat, 15 Mei 2009

Passive Voice

Passive voice is a grammatical voice in which the subject receives the action of a transitive verb, and passive refers more generally to verbs using this construction and the passages in which they are used.

The Generic Structure/Formula :

  • Active : S + Vactive + O
  • Passive : O + to be + V3 + by + S

Passive Voice in Tenses :

1. Simple Present Tense

· Active : V1(es/s)

· Passive : To be(is, am, are) + V3

2. Past tense

· Active : V2(ed)

· Passive : To be(was, were) + V3

3. Past Continous Tense

· Active : To be(is, am, are) + Ving

To be(was, were) + Ving

· Passive : To be(is, am, are) + Being V3

To be(was, were) + Being V3

4. Present Perfect Continous Tense

· Active : been + Ving

· Passive : been + being V3

5. Future Tense

· Active : Be + Ving

· Passive : Be + being V3

Examples of Passive Voice

Tense

Subject

Verb

Object

Simple Present

Active:

Rita

writes

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

is written

by Rita.

Simple Past

Active:

Rita

wrote

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

was written

by Rita.

Present Perfect

Active:

Rita

has written

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

has been written

by Rita.

Future I

Active:

Rita

will write

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

will be written

by Rita.

Hilfsverben

Active:

Rita

can write

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

can be written

by Rita.

Examples of Passive Voice

Tense

Subject

Verb

Object

Present Progressive

Active:

Rita

is writing

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

is being written

by Rita.

Past Progressive

Active:

Rita

was writing

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

was being written

by Rita.

Past Perfect

Active:

Rita

had written

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

had been written

by Rita.

Future II

Active:

Rita

will have written

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

will have been written

by Rita.

Conditional I

Active:

Rita

would write

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

would be written

by Rita.

Conditional II

Active:

Rita

would have written

a letter.

Passive:

A letter

would have been written

by Rita.


























































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