Finite verb is a verb that is inflected for person and for tense according to the rules and categories of the languages in which it occurs.
Finite verb can form “Independent clause” which can stand by their own as complete sentences. An independent clause as a complete sentence. It contains the main subject and verb of a sentences.
In English, only verbs in certain mood are finite. These include :
1. Indicative mood : expressing a state of affairs.
In indicative mood, finite verbs must use verbs.
§ Ani is going to visit her mother in hospital.
§ He has waited his father since morning.
§ The bulldozer demolished the restaurant.
2. Imperative mood : giving a command.
Dalam imperative mood, finite verbs tidak memerlukan subjek karena tanpa memakai subjek pun kalimatnya sudah jelas.
§ Positive command : “Help me, please!”
§ Negative verb : “Don’t do that!”