Jumat, 22 Mei 2009

Simple Past Tense

The formula of Simple Past Tense :

(+ ) S + Verb 2 + O.

( - ) S + did not + Verb 1 + O.

(? )Did + S + Verb 1 + O.

Simple past tense used to talk about an action that happened in the past.

Simple past tense also used to tell a story. The time signals that indicate such happening are yesterday, this morning, just now, a few minutes ago ,long time ago, and last.

Example :

  1. (+ ) Ichsan went to Singapore last year.

( - ) Ichsan did not go to Singapore last year.

(? ) Did Ichsan go to Singapore last year?

  1. (+ ) They came to my house the day before yesterday.

( - ) They did not come to my house the day before yesterday.

(? ) Did they come to my house the day before yesterday?

  1. (+ ) Salahudin bought a new car yesterday.

( - ) salahudin did not buy a new car yesterday.

(? ) Did Salahudin buy a new car yesterday?

  1. (+ ) You left me alone last week.

( - ) You did not leave me alone last week.

(? ) Did you leave me alone last week?

Note :

1. In positive sentences, all of the main verb in the verb II (past tense).

2. In negative sentences, all of the main verb in the verb I.

How to Gain Attention People Orally

Gaining attention is expression that used to get attention or response from somebody.

Kinds of expressing gaining attention :

· Attention please.

· May/can I have you attention please.

· Excuse me.

· Look here.

· Look at me, please.

· Listen to me, please.

· Waiter.

· I hope you can attention me.

· I’m sorry, but……….

· Silent, please.

· Be quite.

· Don’t be noisy!

Showing attention :

  • Look at you.
  • How beautiful!
  • That’s wonderful!
  • What’s the matter?
  • Is everything alright?
  • That’s terrific!
  • Oh really? Is it true.
  • Oh my God. What happens?

Expessing Sympathy

Expressing sympathy is used to expression sympathy felling or care to someone who has problem or accident.

Kinds of expressing sympathy :

Ø That’s awfull.

Ø That’s a shame. Poor you.

Ø That’s a pity. I express my deeps.

Ø That’s a terrible.

Ø That’s too bad.

Ø That’s dread full.

Ø What a shame.

Ø What a pity.

Ø How terrible!

Ø How dread full!

Ø I’m sorry to hear that.

Ø I’m sorry to know that.

Ø I’m sympathy with you.

Ø I’m so sad to hear that.

Ø I’m so sad to know that.

Ø I can sympathy.

Ø I know the felling.

Ø I know what you feel.

Ø Oh no………

Ø Oh dear………!

Accepting sympathy :

Ø Thank you.

Ø Thanks.

Ø Thank you very much.

Ø Thank you so much.

Expressing Happiness

Expressing happiness is used to expression happiness felling when we are successful to do something.

We can expressing happiness with :

  • Word.
  • Gesture.

Kind of expressing happiness :

v I like.

v I love.

v I’m satisfied with…………..

v I’m pleased with………….

v Congratulation.

v I’m very happy because………..

v Well down.

v That’s fantastic!

v That’s good!

v That’s great!

v That’s wonderful!

v That’s exciting.

v I’m so happy for you.

v I’m happy to hear that.

v I’m glad to know that.

v I’m so happy to know it.

v My happiness for you.

v I’m very happy for you.

v My deep impression for you both.

v You make me happy.

v How happy you must be!

v How happy you are!

Giving Instruction

Giving instruction is an expression for give or ask somebody to do something that we want.

Giving instruction same with imperative sentences.

Giving instruction are :

  1. Command.
    • Verb (+ O).

Example : Watch out, come here, etc.

· Please + V (+ O).

Example : Please clean your room.

· V (+ O) + Please.

Example : Wash this towel, please.

  1. Prohibition.

· Don’t + V (+ O).

Example : Don’t close it!

· Don’t + V (+ O) + Please.

Example : Don’t be noise, please.

· Would you mind not + V-ing (+ O).

Example : Would you mind not reading my diary.

Kinds of giving instruction :

· Verb 1.

Example :

§ Wash your hand.

§ Eat your meal.

§ Sit down.

· Be + adjective.

Example :

§ Be your self.

§ Be a good student.

§ Be strong.

§ Be happy.

· Don’t + V-infinitive.

Example :

§ Don’t armb!

§ Don’t eat!

§ Don’t approach!

§ Don’t disturb!

§ Don’t touch!

· No + V-ing.

Example :

§ No smooking!

§ No swimming!

§ No parking!

§ No fishing!